Future Solutions

Course Overview:

Distribution equipment plays an important role in the safe distribution of electrical power. The equipment needs to be operated in a safe manner securing continuity of supply to consumers. To work in a power industry, it is very important to understand the basic concepts of power systems distribution equipment and the related issues (operation,  maintenance and protection)

Who should attend:

The course is designed for Electrical engineers, supervisors and technicians.

Training Methodology:

Participants will learn by active participation during the program using the following training methodologies:

  • Group and individual work in case study & Exercises.
  • Questionnaire
  • Syndicate
  • Videos and group discussion

Course Outlines:

Fundamentals of Distribution Systems

  • Primary Distribution Configurations
  • Urban Networks
  • Primary Voltage Levels
  • Distribution Substations
  • Sub transmission Systems
  • Loads


Transmission System

  • Concept of Energy Transmission and Distribution
  • Transmission Line Structures
  • Insulators and Accessories
  • Transmission Line Construction and Maintenance
  • Insulated Power Cables for High-Voltage Applications
  • Transmission Line Parameters



  •  Transformer characteristics
  • Transformer cooling
  • Transformer protection
  • On load tap changer operation
  • Transformer site testing
  • Transformer maintenance
  • Dry transformer
  • Gas insulated transformer (GIT)

Switchgear and Circuit breakers

  • Circuit breaker history
  • Circuit breaker ratings and operation
  • Circuit breaker types
  • Switchgear maintenance
  • Corona detection
  • Fuses
  • Auto-reclosers
  • Automatic sectionalize
  • Circuit Breakers
  • Isolator switches
  • Load switches
  • Relays
  • Current transformers
  • Voltage transformers


Low , Medium and High Voltage Cables

  •  LV, MV and HV cable ratings and installation methods
  • Common LV, MV and HV cable faults
  • Cable fault locating
  • MV and HV overhead lines faults
  • LV wiring and cabling systems
  • Introduction to the wiring regulation


Power system protection

  • Power System Faults.
  • Short Circuit Theory and fault studies
  • Components of Power System Protection Schemes.
  • Current Transformers (CTs) & Voltage Transformers (VTs).
  • Co-ordination of Electrical Protection Systems.
  • Generators protection.
  • Transformer Protection
  • Feeder protection.



  • Distribution system maintenance
  •   Transmission line maintenance
  •   Powers transformer maintenance
  •   Switchgear maintenance
  •   Circuit breaker maintenance
  •   Protection system maintenance