Future Solutions

Program Objectives:

By end of the course, participants should become able to:

  • Describe the different HC streams (HP, LP, CRU lean gas, CRU 1st Stage,
  • X manifolds, export gas, customer networks, etc.).
  • Interpret corrosion theory.
  • Describe effect of Bacteria on oil, water and gas piping and equipment.
  • Describe corrosion mechanism and chemical reactions.
  • Describe corrosion prevention/ control techniques.
  • Corrosion inhibitors used in oil and gas industries, their specs and work mechanism

Delivery Method:

The course will be delivered through a combination of lectures, case studies, group discussions, and practical exercises. Participants will engage in interactive sessions to enhance learning and practical application of concepts.

Course Outlines:

Basics of corrosion

  • Theory of corrosion
  • Corrosion cell
  • Corrosion reaction
  • Corrosion rate
  • Cost of corrosion
  • Forms of corrosion
  • Uniform (general) corrosion
  • localized corrosion
  • Pitting and crevice corrosion
  • Stress corrosion cracking
  • Hydrogen damage ( embrittlement / blistering)
  • Galvanic corrosion
  • Galvanic series of metals



  • Problems relating to input material crude complexity and corrosivity-
  • Water related problems Produce water-Desalter wash water-Hydro treater waste-Other waste water-a high volume – low
  • toxicity waste. -Water separation and transport- site preparation, pumping, treatment equipment,
  • storage equipment, management of residuals and associated corrosion problems.
  • All that contains in crude Solids- silt sand carbonates, corrosion products Liquids- oil, condensate, TDS in water,
  • Gases- soluble and insoluble- Oxygen, H2S, CO2 Bacteria
  • types Flow related problems.



  • Problem related to Treatment Chemical, Hydrate Inhibitor-Water Vapor:Dehydrator- Scale Inhibitor-corrosion Inhibitor- Bactericide Emulsion, Breakers- Flocculants-problem of inhibitors
  • Produced water separation and disposal problems-
  • pH management and related problems- scale
  • removal and problem of sulphates-waste water and solids disposal-Environmental issues-salinity , and aquatic toxicity
  • Crude distillation-process related problems
  • The effect of Chemicals added to crude and water entering desalter
  • The role of oxygen in presence of chloride, H2S, and CO2
  • Desalter and mixed crude problems
  • Over head and heat exchanger problems


Corrosion control

  • Materials selection
  • Metallic materials
  • Non-metallic materials
  • Advantages of using non-metallic materials
  • Cost of material


Improved design

  • Examples of avoiding erosion Corrosion by Design
  • Examples of Avoiding Crevice Corrosion by Design
  • Examples of Avoiding Crevice Corrosion by Design
  • Corrosion Allowance
  • Avoiding contact between dissimilar metals


Chemical treatment

  • pH control
  • Chemical injection system
  • Removal of dissolved gases
  • Corrosion inhibitors
  • Biocides
  • Chemical injection points.



Corrosion monitoring:

  • Corrosion coupons;
  • corrosion spools;
  • instrumented corrosion spools;
  • linear polarization probes;
  • electrical resistance probes;
  • hydrogen probes;
  • galvanic probes;
  • bio probe
  • ultrasonic controls;
  • radiographic controls;
  • chemical analysis;
  • micro-biological analysis


Corrosion monitoring points locations:

  • Oil field gathering system
  • Gas and gas condensate field gathering systems
  • Oil treatment plants
  • Gas treatment plants with glycol
  • Gas treatment plants with amines
  • Water injection plant
  • Cooling water circuits
  • Fire-fighting circuit with sea water.



Protective coatings:

  • Types of coatings
  • Surface preparation
  • Painting application
  • Paint technical data sheet
  • Paint safety data sheet
  • Paint inspection
  • Surface roughness tools
  • Holiday detector
  • Dry film thickness
  • Wet film thickness


Cathodic Protection:

  • Principles of cathodic protection
  • Application of cp systems
  • Types of cp systems
  • Sacrificial anode system


  • Impressed current system
  • Common sacrificial anodes
  • Applications of sacrificial cathodic protection system
  • Basics of impressed current system
  • Applications impressed current system
  • Cathodic protection criteria
  • Cathodic protection monitoring.